Traffic Sign Recognition (TSR) is a technology designed to assist drivers by automatically detecting and recognizing traffic signs, providing them with important information about current road conditions. TSR is commonly used in advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and some modern vehicles equipped with cameras and image processing functions.
Traffic sign recognition is of great help to drivers, and its functions are as follows:
① Detecting traffic signs: TSR utilizes one or more cameras installed on the vehicle to scan the surrounding environment and identify the location of potential traffic signs. It can employ object detection algorithms to locate landmarks in captured images or video streams.
② Classify traffic signs: After detecting the presence of traffic signs, TSR classifies the signs into different categories according to their shapes, colors, symbols and other characteristics. Common categories include: stop signs, give way signs, no entry signs and speed limit signs, etc.
③ Interpretation of meaning: After the signs are detected and classified, TSR interprets the meaning of each sign.
④ Notify the driver: The information obtained from the TSR is forwarded to the driver, which may be done through visual or auditory prompts, such as displaying recognized signs and their meanings on the vehicle dashboard or display, or through sound alarms.
The above is the process of the TSR function, so what are the benefits of the traffic sign recognition function? Enhance road safety, convenience and the overall driving experience. Here are some benefits of TSR's features:
① Reduce cognitive load: The function of automatically recognizing and displaying traffic signs reduces the driver's cognitive load. Drivers don't need to constantly scan road signs or memorize specific speed limits. The TSR system takes care of this task, allowing the driver to concentrate more on the act of driving itself.
② Enhance driver awareness: The TSR system reminds drivers to pay attention to key road information and improves driver awareness. This increased awareness can prevent accidents and improve overall driving behavior.
③ Improve road safety: By automatically detecting and recognizing traffic signs, TSR can help drivers understand speed limits, stop signs, no-entry areas, and other important regulations. This information ensures drivers are aware of current road conditions, reducing the likelihood of accidents due to inadvertent violations.
④ Reduce the risk of speeding tickets: TSR can remind drivers of the maximum speed allowed on a specific road. This feature helps drivers avoid unintentional speeding and reduces the risk of receiving a speeding ticket from law enforcement.
⑤ Assistance in unfamiliar areas: TSR is particularly valuable when driving in unfamiliar places or abroad with different traffic regulations. It provides drivers with essential information about local road signs and rules to help them drive safely and confidently.
⑥ Adaptive driving experience: TSR helps to create an adaptive and intelligent driving experience. By understanding traffic signs, a vehicle's on-board systems can make smarter decisions and provide better assistance to the driver, or in the case of autonomous vehicles, intelligent navigation choices.
The above are the advantages of TSR. While the advantages offered by the TSR system are numerous, it must be remembered that no system is perfect. TSR may not always recognize blurred or damaged signs, and may not perform optimally in bad weather or poor lighting conditions. Therefore, drivers should use TSR as a useful aid and not just rely on it. They must maintain concentration and develop safe driving habits, paying attention to traffic signs and rules.
TSR relies on the integration of multiple technologies to detect, recognize and interpret traffic signs. The main technologies used in TSR include:
① Camera sensor: The TSR system usually uses the camera installed on the vehicle to capture the traffic signs on the road ahead as the main input of the TSR system.
② Image processing algorithm: The image processing algorithm analyzes the images captured by the camera to detect and locate potential traffic signs in the surrounding area.
③ Computer vision technology: Computer vision technology involves the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms to classify and recognize traffic signs based on visual features such as shape, color, symbol, and text.
④ Pattern recognition: TSR systems use pattern recognition methods to match detected images of traffic signs with pre-learned patterns representing different types of signs. This process allows the system to recognize certain types of traffic signs, such as speed limits, stop signs, yield signs, etc.
⑤ Traffic sign database: TSR systems usually rely on a database containing various traffic sign images and corresponding information. This database is used for comparison and matching during the recognition process.
⑥ Real-time processing: TSR is usually designed for real-time processing because it needs to quickly detect and interpret traffic signs while the vehicle is moving. Real-time capabilities are critical for providing timely alerts to drivers or making appropriate decisions in autonomous vehicles.
⑦ Integration with other systems: In some vehicles, TSR may be integrated with other driver assistance systems or navigation systems. For example, it can work with Speed Assist to adjust the vehicle's speed according to recognized speed limits.
Overall, traffic sign recognition relies on a combination of computer vision, image processing, and artificial intelligence technologies to accurately detect, classify, and interpret traffic signs, providing valuable information to drivers and autonomous vehicles to improve road safety and driving convenience.
The process for turning on Traffic Sign Recognition (TSR) may vary depending on the make and model of your vehicle. Here we provide general guidance on how to enable TSR:
① Check the owner's manual: The first is to check the owner's manual of the vehicle. It contains detailed instructions on how to access various functions, including TSR.
② Check infotainment system or setting menu: Usually, TSR is activated or configured through the vehicle's infotainment system or setting menu. The system is usually accessed via a touchscreen display, knob or button on the center console.
③ Navigate to driver assistance or safety settings: In Infotainment, look for the section related to driver assistance, safety or advanced settings.
④ Enable traffic sign recognition: Once you find the appropriate menu, you may need to toggle a switch or checkbox to enable traffic sign recognition. Certain vehicles may have different options, such as enabling TSR for specific regions or sign types.
⑤ Customization options: Depending on the vehicle, you may have other TSR customization options. For example, you can adjust the frequency of TSR alerts or select the types of signs you want the system to recognize.
⑥ Save and confirm: After making the desired changes, make sure to save the settings and confirm your selections when prompted.